The history of Russian tourism a little more than 110 years. In 1895, were organized by the Yalta tour Desk Crimea-Caucasus mountain club, and the first tourist society – Russian touring club (combined first Bicycle tourists). In 1901, the club was transformed into the Russian society of tourists (short MOUTH), which lasted until the summer of 1928, Later it was transformed into the Society of proletarian tourism (WHOLESALE).
Under the Charter members of the MOUTH could not be students, women, and persons of lower ranks. The society set itself the task of organizing tourist trips across Russia and abroad, familiarity with the sights of ancient Russian cities, as well as organizing trips to the “Holy places”.
In 1914 the MOUTH consisted of 5000 people.
The society had its membership marks:
Golden large and small silver, representational signs, badges made of gold, silver and bronze in the form of pins that are pinned to the top of clothing or caps. There were signs ring up in the clock chain.
But what is interesting!
As written by the famous Russian collector Michael Azar in his book “the Tourist icons tell”, “live” these icons no one was holding. And later he writes: “there is No them and in the collections of the Historical Museum, the Hermitage, not the collectors.”
What was my surprise when on the website of one of the Moscow auction houses I saw a lot, “no one’s ever seen”. Yes it was a silver badge of the MOUTH.
It was the description:
The Russian Empire, a private workshop. 1910s
Size h mm. Weight 5,79 g. Silver, gilding, enamel.
Hallmarks: the names “IO” assay “84” for small items made of precious metals with a female head in kokoshnik turned to the right.
That did not advertise during the Soviet period, has become the subject of expensive auctions present time. And this is understandable.
Least interesting was the other lot, the sign “St. Petersburg society of cyclists-lovers”.
The society was formed in the late 1870’s Charter was approved on 5 December 1884 In 1891 in St. Petersburg there were over 5500 users.
Russian Empire, unknown workshop.