In recent times, tourism has experienced significant growth and became a massive socio-economic phenomenon of international scope. Its rapid development contributes to the expansion of political, economic, scientific and cultural relations between States and peoples of the world. Mass development of tourism allows millions of people to expand knowledge on the history of his country and other countries, to get acquainted with the sights, culture, traditions of a country. Tourism is the term that does not have roots and origins in Russian, came from other language systems, in particular from the French language.
From an economic perspective, tourism is a special kind of consumption by tourists of material benefits, services and goods, which is released in a separate branch of industry, providing the tourist with everything you need: vehicles, food, accommodation, welfare services, recreational activities. Thus, tourism is among the most promising sectors of the national economy (in some countries).
Travel and tourism, two inextricably linked concepts that describe a certain way of human life. This is a recreation, passive or active entertainment, sports, knowledge of the outside world, trade, science, treatment, etc. However, there is always a characteristic act defining and obosoblyalis actually travel from other spheres of activity, the temporary movement of a person in another area or country different from its usual location or residence.
Journey term for the movement of people in space and time whatever it is.
Over the centuries of travel, geographical discoveries, the industrial development of new territories, expansion of global economic relations have been collected numerous scientific and literary materials, reports, and diaries. They played an invaluable role in the accumulation of human knowledge in various fields of science, culture, and technology. Many people feel the need to see new areas and countries, to get acquainted with the life and customs of their peoples. All of this was the cause of a special form of travel tourism.
The revitalization of economic relations increased mobility of the population, was accompanied by the construction of roads, comfortable hotels, restaurants, recreation areas, treatment, study of historical and cultural attractions, etc. With the advent of regular passenger transport, networks of the enterprises of power and eliminated many of the elements of risk and difficulties which have for many centuries been associated with travel. However, tourism was available mainly to the representatives of the propertied classes who have made expensive trips for recreation, treatment and entertainment.
The emergence of tourism has been made possible as a result of fundamental changes in the nature of social production, the development of means of transport and communication, establishing economic relations in various fields. Tourism has its own history of development.
The history of tourism is the study of travel (trips, excursions, starting from the simplest, the most elementary in ancient times and until the present time.
BACKGROUND TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF WORLD TOURISM.
Background of tourism development tourism until the early nineteenth century includes the following stages of development: antique tourism when the main motives for travel were education, pilgrimage, trade, treatment, sports, tourism of the middle ages when the main motives for travel were: religious tourism, education, aristocratic relations; tourism new time when the main tendencies of rest defined the industrial revolution.
It is considered that the tourist travel began at a time when travel has lost its commercial importance. To the first migrations of this kind are lot of religious nature that in ancient Egypt marked already in the 4th Millennium BC In subsequent time tourist trip Egyptians were associated with travel to the cities, artificial lakes, considerable interest has prompted the construction of the pyramid. However, the lack of a dense network of good roads, accommodation and food, which only appeared in ancient Greece and Rome, hampered the first lot. Tourism at that time was not a source of income.
The value of the road network was evaluated only by the Persians, who were in the territory of his country had developed a system of communication, often surpassing even more later famous Roman roads. To the best of them belonged to the Royal road that connected Babylon, Susa and ekbatana the surroundings. Every 30 miles on these roads were Inns, canteens, recreation, etc. For providing services relied fee, the rates are the same for rich and for poor.
The heyday of ancient tourism was associated mainly with ancient Greece and Rome. In these States, a great weight was given to the economic side of travel. Both the Greeks and Romans often took a very long trip, with the Greeks because of poor road network development was done mainly by sea.
Massive in those days wore and travel for religious purposes. The most famous belonged to travel to Olympia, associated with the festival in honor of Zeus, held every