Organized travel with the purpose of exploring the culture and nature of other peoples existed in the ancient world. So, in the VI century BC the ancient Greeks and Romans traveled to Egypt, where they were attracted by the ancient history, culture, unique nature, beautiful Egyptian structures. The first Greek tourist, about which reliable data is available is the “father of history” of Herodotus, who described their travels.
His second book devoted to Ancient Egypt, which he visited after 459 ad Traveled the ancient Greeks and their country (travel to Olympia for the Olympic games), made the long trip to the healing springs, as well as to the “sacred places”. Aristotle, Democritus, Quintilian in his treatises on education recommended that the understanding of nature in direct contact with her. Continue reading
Do you think tourism has appeared only in the XX century? Partly Yes and partly no. Mass tourism travel people really started to make in the late XIX – early XX century, when, in our everyday life began to enter cars, trains, aircraft. In fact, the history of the development of tourism is very ancient humanity travels long ago.
In the early history of tourism were travelling in search of new homes and places for food. Even in those days when people had only primitive tools, their journey was quite long. The remains of the first humans found in Africa, China, Western Europe.
One of the first travelers were residents of Oceania. Their small canoes, they traveled across the Pacific ocean. Polynesians, for example, has made travel with United Islands to Hawaii – more than 2 thousand miles. While navigational tools they used were the sun and the stars, the direction of movement of birds and moving clouds. Continue reading
Traveled humanity, perhaps always, since its inception. First, the purpose of travel was business, then business. It is the merchants and traders in ancient times, explored unfamiliar territory, paving trade routes by land and by sea. In the Middle ages we can talk about the emergence of religious tourism, aims to visit Christian and Muslim shrines. In the New time traveler becomes a hero in literature, the example of that famous Roman “Robinson Crusoe” British author Daniel Defoe. It is noteworthy that the world’s first travel Agency was opened in the UK in the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Continue reading
In recent times, tourism has experienced significant growth and became a massive socio-economic phenomenon of international scope. Its rapid development contributes to the expansion of political, economic, scientific and cultural relations between States and peoples of the world. Mass development of tourism allows millions of people to expand knowledge on the history of his country and other countries, to get acquainted with the sights, culture, traditions of a country. Tourism is the term that does not have roots and origins in Russian, came from other language systems, in particular from the French language.
From an economic perspective, tourism is a special kind of consumption by tourists of material benefits, services and goods, which is released in a separate branch of industry, providing the tourist with everything you need: vehicles, food, accommodation, welfare services, recreational activities. Thus, tourism is among the most promising sectors of the national economy (in some countries). Continue reading
Tourism is a major sector of the economy. All developed Nations of the world have long been interested in its development. In the global economy, tourism has become a leading, competing only with oil.
The rapid development in the world of computer technology and the introduction of automation in tourism also make it an area of international information technologies and processes.
The role of international, regional and national tourism organizations that contribute to the development of world tourism and carry out protectionist policies within individual countries and regions. Continue reading
People traveled always, at all times. The representatives of the ancient peoples that inhabited different parts of the Earth, have left records of their impressions of their stay in distant lands. These historical evidences reveal that as we expand trading activities and gains, for example, in Greece, Rome and China, the representatives of the noble class in these countries often went on trips for entertainment, shopping or diplomatic purposes. Herodotus, for example, he left a substantial written legacy of their short trips and longer journeys.
In this literature, which had jizneopisaniya character and historical orientation, was considered the art and philosophy of leisure, described the population of other countries, languages, religions, traditions of giving gifts, the features of local life and hospitality.
During the time of colonial conquest and geographical discoveries of the Arabs (VIII century BC) and Europeans (including Marco Polo – XII century ad) made many entries about travel. Note that these travelers left behind a remarkable literary heritage. So, the poet Basco, who visited Japan in the FIFTEENTH century wrote a memoir, which to this day serve as excellent reference material current tour. Tourism at this time had, as a rule, are not educational in nature, and focused on meeting VIPs and delegations, as well as visits to sacred sites. Continue reading
Since the beginning of civilization have already been trading the way through which merchants made their journey. And some purchases which were in other countries but not in the buyer’s country. Here originates such a thing as corporate gifts. Things bought in distant foreign countries who came and didn’t give only to those with whom he worked and the upstream link. Today it is not needed because a lot of unique corporate gifts can be purchased here. Everything your heart desires, and most importantly — unique gifts, all need to be unique and special. People don’t like analogs. As for the history of tourism in that time, one of the most important centres of Maritime trade routes between the Sumerian civilization and the Indus valley was the port of Lothal.
600 BC and later Continue reading
The origin of the resort.
The reactionary development of the Crimea has its origins from the late 18th century, when the South coast began construction of palaces and large estates, the vineyards and the creation of parks.
First among Russian monarchs visited the Crimea, Catherine II. After visiting the Crimea she called him “the jewel of its crown.” Alexander I bought the estate in Oreanda, passed to Nicholas I, who visited the Palace only once. Continue reading