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The emergence of a new project “History of tourism” was inevitable. We came to understand that for many years has created a unique chronicle of the Russian travel industry: accumulated mass of material which is of interest both from the practical and from an analytical point of view: looking through (the Internet!) old Newspapers, you can learn about the stages of development, the UPS and downs of each specific operator, to trace the dynamics of the development direction, to understand what steps market participants are correct and ensured the success and which, by contrast, was a mistake. Continue reading

The history of tourism developmentDo you think tourism has appeared only in the XX century? Partly Yes and partly no. Mass tourism travel people really started to make in the late XIX – early XX century, when, in our everyday life began to enter cars, trains, aircraft. In fact, the history of the development of tourism is very ancient humanity travels long ago.

In the early history of tourism were travelling in search of new homes and places for food. Even in those days when people had only primitive tools, their journey was quite long. The remains of the first humans found in Africa, China, Western Europe.

One of the first travelers were residents of Oceania. Their small canoes, they traveled across the Pacific ocean. Polynesians, for example, has made travel with United Islands to Hawaii – more than 2 thousand miles. While navigational tools they used were the sun and the stars, the direction of movement of birds and moving clouds. Continue reading

The history of tourism in BenidormA brief history of tourism in Benidorm

In 1993 Benidorm city hall celebrated the first century of tourism in the city. based on tourist Avenue “Bath of the virgin of Sufragio” published in 1893, and who is considered the first existing tourist Avenue of Benidorm .

Due to the construction of a new road Silla — Alicante and Benidorm railway from Madrid . the city became more famous and tourist activity has increased.

In 1914 was officially opened on the narrow-gauge railway Trenet de La Marina . which connecting Alicante via Benidorm with Altea .

In 50-ies of the last century. prospects of development. definitively determined the direction of Benidorm on tourism. The General plan of 1956 gave the city a form in which it presents today. Continue reading

philosophy of leisurePeople traveled always, at all times. The representatives of the ancient peoples that inhabited different parts of the Earth, have left records of their impressions of their stay in distant lands. These historical evidences reveal that as we expand trading activities and gains, for example, in Greece, Rome and China, the representatives of the noble class in these countries often went on trips for entertainment, shopping or diplomatic purposes. Herodotus, for example, he left a substantial written legacy of their short trips and longer journeys.

In this literature, which had jizneopisaniya character and historical orientation, was considered the art and philosophy of leisure, described the population of other countries, languages, religions, traditions of giving gifts, the features of local life and hospitality.

During the time of colonial conquest and geographical discoveries of the Arabs (VIII century BC) and Europeans (including Marco Polo – XII century ad) made many entries about travel. Note that these travelers left behind a remarkable literary heritage. So, the poet Basco, who visited Japan in the FIFTEENTH century wrote a memoir, which to this day serve as excellent reference material current tour. Tourism at this time had, as a rule, are not educational in nature, and focused on meeting VIPs and delegations, as well as visits to sacred sites. Continue reading

The history of mass tourismMillions of Germans are annually sent to travel abroad. With tourism as a mass phenomenon began to develop just a few decades ago. Before long journeys could afford only very wealthy people.

Many kilometers of traffic jams on roads and endless queues at airports – so Germany looks during the summer school holidays. A trip to one of the Canary Islands, including flights and the cost of a weekly stay in the hotel with Breakfast and dinner, you can buy it for 300 euros. While on vacation the majority of Germans have begun only a few decades ago.

In carriages over rough roads

“Researchers believe that the concept of “tourism” appeared in the XVIII century” – says the Hasso Spode (Hasso Spode), member of the historical archive at the Free University of Berlin. But what separates the traveler from the tourist? “Tourism is travel without clearly defined objectives, – the expert believes. – Previously, the travelers set out on a journey with a specific mission: the pilgrims sought spiritual solace, the conquerors had set sail for new victories.” And only in the XVIII century people began to travel just for fun.

Only for the rich

At first, the journey could afford only wealthy people. Had to get to the goal on rough roads, to take care of the nights and the change of horses. Because Germany at that time was not a unified state, travelers at border crossings had to pay fees for the use of roads and other charges.

According to the testimony of German historians, the first “shelter” organized tourism began in the late eighteenth century the Mecklenburg Baltic sea coast. In the town of Heiligendamm began to open the baths and beaches. Travelers were asked all thirty-three pleasures: gambling, horse riding, horse racing, various festivals, and even the services of prostitutes. Swimming in the sea was not the main occupation of the illustrious visitors. The writer Ludwig Bern (Ludwig Börne) in 1825 laughed at them: “the Princes and princesses here so much as the snails: they are met at every step”.

Advertising poster Thomas cook

Revolution Thomas Cook

“Tourism was popular among a small number of people. In the eighteenth century only about one percent of people in Germany could afford to travel,” explains the Hasso Spode. However, the situation quickly changed. Not only aristocrats longed for rest. In 1841 a British entrepreneur Thomas cook has made a revolution in the field of tourism: using the railway, it carried a group of about 600 people for the purpose of walks. Thomas cook booked for clients whole trains and in hotels. Staying out of the competition, he offered tourists vacation at very affordable prices.

“Thomas cook was a very successful businessman in the field of tourism”, – emphasizes the Berlin expert Hasso Spode. It offered its clients the services of tour guides, took responsibility for solving various organizational problems while traveling. In Germany very quickly found followers cook, who began to engage in tourist business, taking advantage of rail transport. Because the train could ride in any weather, regardless of the state of the roads, and the passengers could enjoy the views from the Windows of cars.

When national socialism

After coming to power in 1933 the Nazis took into their own hands and travel business. Their main goal was to attract representatives of the working class. “The Nazis created in 1933 the organization “Strength through joy” (“Kraft durch Freude”), which became one of the world’s largest travel companies,” emphasizes the Hasso Spode. She offered, for example, cruises that were previously available only to the rich. Propaganda pictures show people on the loungers, enjoying the sunshine on Board the ship.

Passenger liner “Wilhelm Gustloff”, 1938

But with the outbreak of the Second world war, the tourist zeal of the Nazis subsided. The private travel company continued to exist, which is very irritated the authorities, who wanted to use trains exclusively for military purposes. “Wanderlust in the people was so great that the Nazis were afraid of her to interfere”, – says the expert on the history of tourism the Hasso Spode. Only in 1943 the German travel companies was suspended.

The economic success of West Germany led to the revival of the tourism industry. Many went on the road already in their own cars. In 1970-ies routes vacations have become more diverse. Especially fond of the Germans, Italy and Spain. Rising wages and relatively low prices of sale vouchers made the experience accessible to everyone.

The beach in the Italian resort town of Rimini

In the GDR have been a somewhat different situation. Here, according to the expert the Hasso Spode, the widespread so-called social tourism. The rest of the citizens were controlled by the authorities, and the unions were the main coordinators of the holiday destinations of the inhabitants of the GDR. The choice was, but not too wide: GDR citizens could go to neighboring socialist countries, say, in Hungary or Czechoslovakia, Poland or the USSR. Only with the fall of the Berlin wall, East Germans gained full freedom of movement.

Prospects

But not all Germans today pulling abroad. “Germany itself for many still is a favorite place of rest”, – said the expert on tourism from the University of Munich jürgen Shade (Jürgen Schmude). And the attitude of the Germans to the rest changed lately. Despite the fact that in 2012 holiday budget people in Germany were not the highest in the world, giving primacy to China, tourism in Germany – good prospects.

“A new trend several trips a year: the Germans divide their vacation into two or three parts. If before the vacation was only for the summer, today the Germans rest and in the autumn, winter and spring”, – says the expert from Munich.

The history of the development of space tourism. HelpFederal space Agency ha found an investor willing to invest in the construction of the spaceship “the Union” specifically for the “tourist” way, is spoken in the message of Roscosmos.

Federal space Agency has found an investor willing to invest in the construction of a spaceship “Union” specifically “tourist” run, is spoken in the message of Roscosmos.

Space tourism is paying for from the private funds going into space or into orbit in entertainment or research purposes.

Currently only used for the purpose of space tourism is the international space station (ISS). The flights are operated using Russian spacecraft “Union”.

Organization of flights tourists do Roscosmos and the American company Space Adventures. Space Adventures has cooperated with the “Russian” since 2001. Just using this company in the space has already visited five tourists. In “turn” on the fly signed up for another 12 people.

Earlier space flights cost the tourists in 20-25 million dollars since July 2007, the space cost of the tour has grown to 30-40 million dollars. In addition, we announced a price for a new service – output space tourist into space – $ 15 million. Continue reading

The history and reasons for development of tourism and hospitalityThe history of tourism is defined as the scientific study of travel (trips, excursions), from deepest antiquity to real time. The use of the historical approach to the study of tourism is carried out to determine the preconditions of the emergence, logic development method appeals to history of tourism development in previous cultures. The history of tourism originates in the history of travel and the development of traditions of hospitality.

The need for such analysis is determined zeal to identify the prospects of the forthcoming development of tourism and hospitality method of solving subsequent tasks:

– disclosure of the origins of tourism in cultural history, tracing the dynamics of travel, their goals, tasks and socio-cultural implications; Continue reading

History of medical tourism Long before Americans began to travel to other countries for cardiovascular surgery, abdominoplasty surgery, or dentistry, travelers from around the world traveled to distant lands in search of quality medicine. We can say that the concept of medical tourism is as old as medicine itself. History of medical tourism begins in ancient times.

Below is a brief excerpt about the colorful history of medical tourism. According to these data it is clear that if there are difficulties with medical care – no matter where and when – people went on a journey in search of the best doctors.

History of medical tourism – Ancient times Continue reading