Organized travel with the purpose of exploring the culture and nature of other peoples existed in the ancient world. So, in the VI century BC the ancient Greeks and Romans traveled to Egypt, where they were attracted by the ancient history, culture, unique nature, beautiful Egyptian structures. The first Greek tourist, about which reliable data is available is the “father of history” of Herodotus, who described their travels.
His second book devoted to Ancient Egypt, which he visited after 459 ad Traveled the ancient Greeks and their country (travel to Olympia for the Olympic games), made the long trip to the healing springs, as well as to the “sacred places”. Aristotle, Democritus, Quintilian in his treatises on education recommended that the understanding of nature in direct contact with her. Continue reading
The history of tourism, as we have been told, began in ancient times, developed in the Renaissance and Enlightenment. Now is the time to talk about the history of tourism in modern times.
In the late 18th – early 19th century in Western Europe appear national system of physical education. Many teachers I. Reshetov, G. Vieth and others, applied given the particular importance of tourism and the ability to work harmoniously on all functional systems and organs, began to use and recommend the different character of the tourist campaigns as a mandatory component of physical education. Continue reading
Traveled humanity, perhaps always, since its inception. First, the purpose of travel was business, then business. It is the merchants and traders in ancient times, explored unfamiliar territory, paving trade routes by land and by sea. In the Middle ages we can talk about the emergence of religious tourism, aims to visit Christian and Muslim shrines. In the New time traveler becomes a hero in literature, the example of that famous Roman “Robinson Crusoe” British author Daniel Defoe. It is noteworthy that the world’s first travel Agency was opened in the UK in the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Continue reading
People traveled always, at all times. The representatives of the ancient peoples that inhabited different parts of the Earth, have left records of their impressions of their stay in distant lands. These historical evidences reveal that as we expand trading activities and gains, for example, in Greece, Rome and China, the representatives of the noble class in these countries often went on trips for entertainment, shopping or diplomatic purposes. Herodotus, for example, he left a substantial written legacy of their short trips and longer journeys.
In this literature, which had jizneopisaniya character and historical orientation, was considered the art and philosophy of leisure, described the population of other countries, languages, religions, traditions of giving gifts, the features of local life and hospitality.
During the time of colonial conquest and geographical discoveries of the Arabs (VIII century BC) and Europeans (including Marco Polo – XII century ad) made many entries about travel. Note that these travelers left behind a remarkable literary heritage. So, the poet Basco, who visited Japan in the FIFTEENTH century wrote a memoir, which to this day serve as excellent reference material current tour. Tourism at this time had, as a rule, are not educational in nature, and focused on meeting VIPs and delegations, as well as visits to sacred sites. Continue reading
City scientific and practical conference
“Young researchers Khibiny”
The history of tourism development in the Khibiny mountains (1929 – 1940)
CHAPTER. The development of tourism in the Khibiny mountains.
Appendix 1. Questioning
Appendix 2. The illustrations to the text Continue reading
The history of Russian tourism a little more than 110 years. In 1895, were organized by the Yalta tour Desk Crimea-Caucasus mountain club, and the first tourist society – Russian touring club (combined first Bicycle tourists). In 1901, the club was transformed into the Russian society of tourists (short MOUTH), which lasted until the summer of 1928, Later it was transformed into the Society of proletarian tourism (WHOLESALE).
Under the Charter members of the MOUTH could not be students, women, and persons of lower ranks. The society set itself the task of organizing tourist trips across Russia and abroad, familiarity with the sights of ancient Russian cities, as well as organizing trips to the “Holy places”.
In 1914 the MOUTH consisted of 5000 people. Continue reading
Long before Americans began to travel to other countries for cardiovascular surgery, abdominoplasty surgery, or dentistry, travelers from around the world traveled to distant lands in search of quality medicine. We can say that the concept of medical tourism is as old as medicine itself. History of medical tourism begins in ancient times.
Below is a brief excerpt about the colorful history of medical tourism. According to these data it is clear that if there are difficulties with medical care – no matter where and when – people went on a journey in search of the best doctors.
History of medical tourism – Ancient times Continue reading