travel guide

From the history of tourismTraveled humanity, perhaps always, since its inception. First, the purpose of travel was business, then business. It is the merchants and traders in ancient times, explored unfamiliar territory, paving trade routes by land and by sea. In the Middle ages we can talk about the emergence of religious tourism, aims to visit Christian and Muslim shrines. In the New time traveler becomes a hero in literature, the example of that famous Roman “Robinson Crusoe” British author Daniel Defoe. It is noteworthy that the world’s first travel Agency was opened in the UK in the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Continue reading

Other essays on the subject of TourismIn recent times, tourism has experienced significant growth and became a massive socio-economic phenomenon of international scope. Its rapid development contributes to the expansion of political, economic, scientific and cultural relations between States and peoples of the world. Mass development of tourism allows millions of people to expand knowledge on the history of his country and other countries, to get acquainted with the sights, culture, traditions of a country. Tourism is the term that does not have roots and origins in Russian, came from other language systems, in particular from the French language.

From an economic perspective, tourism is a special kind of consumption by tourists of material benefits, services and goods, which is released in a separate branch of industry, providing the tourist with everything you need: vehicles, food, accommodation, welfare services, recreational activities. Thus, tourism is among the most promising sectors of the national economy (in some countries). Continue reading

philosophy of leisurePeople traveled always, at all times. The representatives of the ancient peoples that inhabited different parts of the Earth, have left records of their impressions of their stay in distant lands. These historical evidences reveal that as we expand trading activities and gains, for example, in Greece, Rome and China, the representatives of the noble class in these countries often went on trips for entertainment, shopping or diplomatic purposes. Herodotus, for example, he left a substantial written legacy of their short trips and longer journeys.

In this literature, which had jizneopisaniya character and historical orientation, was considered the art and philosophy of leisure, described the population of other countries, languages, religions, traditions of giving gifts, the features of local life and hospitality.

During the time of colonial conquest and geographical discoveries of the Arabs (VIII century BC) and Europeans (including Marco Polo – XII century ad) made many entries about travel. Note that these travelers left behind a remarkable literary heritage. So, the poet Basco, who visited Japan in the FIFTEENTH century wrote a memoir, which to this day serve as excellent reference material current tour. Tourism at this time had, as a rule, are not educational in nature, and focused on meeting VIPs and delegations, as well as visits to sacred sites. Continue reading

THE HISTORY OF TOURISM IN THE INSIGNIA OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIREThe history of Russian tourism a little more than 110 years. In 1895, were organized by the Yalta tour Desk Crimea-Caucasus mountain club, and the first tourist society – Russian touring club (combined first Bicycle tourists). In 1901, the club was transformed into the Russian society of tourists (short MOUTH), which lasted until the summer of 1928, Later it was transformed into the Society of proletarian tourism (WHOLESALE).

Under the Charter members of the MOUTH could not be students, women, and persons of lower ranks. The society set itself the task of organizing tourist trips across Russia and abroad, familiarity with the sights of ancient Russian cities, as well as organizing trips to the “Holy places”.

In 1914 the MOUTH consisted of 5000 people. Continue reading

The history of the development of tourism in Crimea.The origin of the resort.

The reactionary development of the Crimea has its origins from the late 18th century, when the South coast began construction of palaces and large estates, the vineyards and the creation of parks.

Imperial family

First among Russian monarchs visited the Crimea, Catherine II. After visiting the Crimea she called him “the jewel of its crown.” Alexander I bought the estate in Oreanda, passed to Nicholas I, who visited the Palace only once. Continue reading