Tourism is a major sector of the economy. All developed Nations of the world have long been interested in its development. In the global economy, tourism has become a leading, competing only with oil.
The rapid development in the world of computer technology and the introduction of automation in tourism also make it an area of international information technologies and processes.
The role of international, regional and national tourism organizations that contribute to the development of world tourism and carry out protectionist policies within individual countries and regions.
Big impact from a social point of view, the benefits of tourism to the regions: due to the development of tourism there are hundreds of thousands of jobs, develop communication systems, increases the culture and literacy of the local population, etc. And in some regions remote from industrial and cultural centers, it can perform these functions.
Analysis of the current state of tourism in many countries allows us to understand that tourism development should be accompanied by efforts to promote internal programs, national tourism. Within each country’s domestic tourism due to the redistribution of the national income contributes to a stable national economy, greater awareness of common interests and development activities beneficial to the economy of the country as a whole.
National and international tourism activity is an integral part of the changes required, based on the full and harmonious development of personality, the human right to respect of his dignity and individuality, respect moral values of the peoples.
As tourism activity is one of the most time-consuming and acts as a regulator of employment, the important role of vocational education in tourism. Given these characteristics of the Tu – Rimskogo market as dynamic variability, the emergence of new trends and ways of business, it is important to teach tourism professionals to navigate the situation and dynamics of the tourist market. Only educated, appropriately trained specialist are able to create a competitive product and sell it on the market of tourist services.
The basis of many textbooks on tourism, as a rule, is a foreign experience. Undoubtedly, the positive experience of foreign countries should be taken into account in the process of studying various aspects of tourist activity. However, it is necessary to rely still upon the experience of local tourist organizations.
Mass tourism is a phenomenon of the twentieth century, as it has acquired a modern look mainly at the expense of cars and jet engines. However, people have traveled from the time immemorial, mainly in order to avoid hunger or danger. The remains of the first humans (Homo erectus) have been found in Western Europe, Africa, China, and Java. This fact highlights the remarkable ability of ancient people to travel long distance without any means of transportation. The invention of money by the Phoenicians and the development of trade, which began in the 4th Millennium BC can be defined as the beginning of modern era of travel. The Phoenicians also invented writing and the wheel, so that they can rightly be considered the ancestors ’s tourism business”.
The geographical discoveries of Russian navigators and travelers
The first travel Agency
The first guided tours
First placing the company